Discussions with Teachers

Rudolf Steiner

Translated by Helen Fox
Erziehungskunst. Seminarbesprechungen und Lehrplanvorträge
GA 295

Schmidt Date   Comments
3802 August 21, 1919    Discussion 1
3806 August 22, 1919    Discussion 2
3809 August 23, 1919    Discussion 3
3813 August 25, 1919    Discussion 4
3816 August 26, 1919    Discussion 5
3819 August 27, 1919    Discussion 6
3822 August 28, 1919    Discussion 7
3825 August 29, 1919    Discussion 8
3828 August 30, 1919    Discussion 9
3832 September 1, 1919    Discussion 10
3836 September 2, 1919    Discussion 11
3839 September 3, 1919    Discussion 12
3842 September 4, 1919    Discussion 13
3845 September 5, 1919    Discussion 14
3849 September 6, 1919    Discussion 15
3846 September 6, 1919    Curriculum Part 1
3847 September 6, 1919    Curriculum Part 2
3847 September 6, 1919    Curriculum Part 3


August 21, 1919
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Discussion 1
The four temperaments and the elements of the child's nature. The preponderance of ego, astral etheric and physical principles. Some characteristics of each and how to treat them. Polarity in the temperaments. Seating of children. One and one half hours of main lesson followed by one half hour of stories. Plan of stories for the first through eight grades - fairy tales, fables and Bible stories. A question about melancholics. Textbooks, examinations and subject teachers.

August 22, 1919
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Discussion 2
The sanguine child. Attention. Temperaments in the Bible and in music. Phlegmatic children and diet. Melancholics and their illusions. Treatment of cholerics. Creative powers depend upon preserving youth. Temperaments and occupations.

August 23, 1919
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Discussion 3
Story telling and drawing for different temperaments. Describing animals. The question of 'Cinderellas' in the class.

August 25, 1919
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Discussion 4
Human posture and spatial picturing. The basic four arithmetic operations and temperaments. Plane and solid geometry. Designs for different temperaments. Fairy tales and animal stories. Abnormalities of temperament. How to handle the class 'Cinderellas'. The question of bad behavior in the class.

August 26, 1919
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Discussion 5
Speech exercises. Temperaments and Karma. Individual and group temperaments in the class. Influence of mother and father. Heredity. The temperament of folk groups and language. Children's temperaments and learning languages. Dealing with bad behavior. Ringleaders. The problem of 'goody-goodies' in the class.

August 27, 1919
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Discussion 6
Speech exercises. Preparing children for poems and stories. Examples: a talk about dogs and another about violets. How to deal with 'goody-goodies' in the class. Dealing with children who have a 'crush' on a teacher.

August 28, 1919
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Discussion 7
Speech exercises. Instruction examples for children between twelve and fifteen years of age. The fable of the Boy, the Horse and the Bull. History of Europe from the eleventh to seventeenth centuries. The Crusades: their causes, goals and problems and their unexpected results. Quarrels of Greeks and Franks. The impact of superior civilizations of the East and Greek Christianity on Europe. Some historians considered. Dealing with children who have a 'crush on a teacher.

August 29, 1919
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Discussion 8
Speech exercises. The fable of the Oak and the Fox. Helping children with no apparent talent for specific subjects. Diet for bad readers and writers. Cocoa. Eurythmy for children having difficulties with arithmetic. Geography. Ambition should not be encouraged. Children with poor observation capacities and those who resent eurythmy. Effects of tea and coffee. Dull and bright children. Remembering forms through exaggerated caricatures.

August 30, 1919
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Discussion 9
Speech exercises. Botany. The nature of growth. Fertilization process not to be stressed for younger children. The plant's relationship to water (root), air (leaves) and heat (blossom). The plant as the 'negative' of the human being. Plants should be compared to the soul, not to the physical body.

September 1, 1919
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Discussion 10
Speech exercises. Human soul qualities revealed in plants. Sleeping, dreaming and waking in relationship of the Earth to plants. Polarity of tree and fungus. The Pythagorean theorem.

September 2, 1919
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Discussion 11
Speech exercises. Phrenology discounted. Human senses. Plants are not the senses of the Earth. Forms of plants. Plants classified by the development of root, stalk, leaf. The medical plant lore of medieval mystics. Plants in relationship to the child's soul at the age of fourteen.

September 3, 1919
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Discussion 12
Speech exercises. Sex education and plant growth. Maps and geography. Angles and areas.

September 4, 1919
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Discussion 13
Speech exercises. Algebra should precede teaching areas. Introducing algebra through sums of interest. Phantasy in creating arithmetic problems. A shop for the second grade. How young Gauss solved a problem. Rates of movement. Copernicus and Bessel.

September 5, 1919
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Discussion 14
Teaching music; instruments. The transition from arithmetic to algebra. Negative and imaginary numbers. Addition, multiplication, exponents, subtraction, division, roots. Formulas. Town building in Europe. Concrete chronology through enacting the generations. Towns originated as markets, later fortified. Change of consciousness in the fifteenth century. Historical observations. Socialist historians are good for facts. Observing the movements of the sun and planets. Egyptian culture.

September 6, 1919
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Discussion 15
Speech exercises. The lemniscate and the human organs. Invasion of the Roman Empire by the Celts because of their desire for gold. Invasions in cultivated and virgin land (Goths and Franks). Christianity and pagan cults. Overcoming differences in ability. Modern and classical foreign languages: English and French, Latin and Greek. Reports and grades.

September 6, 1919
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Curriculum Part 1
General objectives for grades 1 through 8. German language in grades 1 through 8. Drawing. Latin in grades 4 through 8. Greek in grades 6 through 8. Factual knowledge in grade 3. History and geography in grades 4 through 8.

September 6, 1919
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Curriculum Part 2
Nature and natural history in grades 3 through8. Industry and business, physics and chemistry in grades 6 through 8. Arithmetic, mathematics and geometry in grades 1 through 8. Drawing in grades 1 through 8. Music.

September 6, 1919
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Curriculum Part 3
Music, eurythmy and gymnastics.